Fluid retention in cirrhosis: pathophysiology and ...
In end stage liver disease (ESLD), accumulation of fluid as ascites, edema or pleural effusion due to cirrhosis is common and results from a derangement in the extracellular fluid volume regulatory mechanisms. 1 In fact, fluid retention is the most frequent complication of ESLD which is occurring in about 50% of patients within 10 years of the diagnosis of cirrhosis. 2 This complication significantly impairs the quality of life of cirrhotic patients and it accounts for a notable cost to society.
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